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Domestic Assaults and PARS

The PARS Program — which stands for Partner Assault Response Services — is an important component of Ontario’s Domestic Violence prosecution strategy. It consists of a specialized counseling and educational service for those individuals who are found guilty of a domestic violence-related offence. Upon a finding of guilt, the individual will be referred to PARS either by the Domestic Violence co-ordinator or by the Probation and Parole office. The PARS Program lasts sixteen weeks in total. During those sixteen weeks, participants learn about appropriate behaviour towards their partner and non-violent ways to deal with their anger. Participants are expected to attend the program for one hour each week. The program is available in both English and French, and translator services can be provided for most other languages. In order to be eligible for the program, the offender must be at least 18 years old, must be referred by a courts…

14 Jul 2009

Distinguishing Hybrid and Indictable Offences

8 Jul 2009

All of the offences in the Criminal Code of Canada can be classified as summary, indictable or hybrid. The classification of an offence generally tells us how serious the offence…

Courtroom Etiquette

7 Jul 2009

As criminal defence lawyers, we have been appearing in Toronto courts and courts in the Greater Toronto Area for so long that proper court etiquette has become second nature to…

Bail Variations

29 Jun 2009

Individuals facing criminal charges are often released on bail while they await trial. When released, the accused individual will be provided with a “recognizance” or other Court order which dictates…

Beyond A Reasonable Doubt

23 Jun 2009

Most people know that for an individual to be convicted of a criminal offence, the Crown must prove his or her guilt “beyond a reasonable doubt”. At the same time,…

Toronto Lawyers, Kostman & Pyzer...

19 Jun 2009

On June 1st, 2001 senior Toronto lawyers ( Toronto lawyers with ten years or more of experience) made headlines earlier this week when they voted to stop accepting legal aid…

Domestic Assault Charges

10 Jun 2009

In our experience as criminal defence lawyers, domestic assault charges are very common in Toronto courts. Individuals accused of domestic assault are often deprived of the support system usually provided…