Assault by Parents

  Assault is illegal under the Criminal Code of Canada. Assault, as defined in the Code, includes any form of physical punishment parents, teachers or caregivers traditionally use to correct their child’s behaviour such as spanking, pinching, or washing a child’s...

What is Jurisdiction?

  The word “jurisdiction” comes from the Latin word ‘juris’ meaning law and ‘dicere’ meaning to speak.  It indicates the authority granted to the courts to deal with and make decisions on legal matters. It also denotes the geographical area the authority applies to....

Police “Spy” Tactics

  As of 2012, motor vehicle drivers in Ontario face a hefty fine of $155 if caught using a mobile phone while behind the wheel. Several Police divisions across the province have initiated “Ride Safe” programs intended to nab distracted drivers. Among those making...

Opinion Evidence at Trial

 When an individual testifies as a witness their primary job is to testify about facts that are within their knowledge. Generally speaking, the court is not interested in a witness’s opinion on particular facts. That is because, in general, witnesses are not experts...

The Doctrine of Common Intention

An individual may be liable for those offences which he she does not commit as a principle offender but in which he or she plays a part in committing. When an individual becomes liable for an offence in this way, he or she is referred to as a “party to the offence.”...
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