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What Is the Victim Fine Surcharge (VFS)?

The Federal Victim Fine Surcharge (FVFS), as set out in s.737 of the Criminal Code of Canada, is a monetary surcharge imposed on offenders in addition to any other punishment imposed at the time of sentencing. It was established to help fund services that assist the victims of crime. It is not paid directly to the victim. The FVFS was first enacted in Canada in 1989. It has been amended several times. Previous to recent amendments, the amount of the FVFS was $50 for summary conviction offences and $100 for indictable offences, or 15% of any fine imposed on an offender as a sentence. The FVFS could be waived for impoverished offenders at the judge’s discretion. As of October 24th 2013 with the passing of Bill C-37, Increasing Offenders Accountability for Victim’s Act, the FVSF became mandatory; as well, the fine was increased to $100 for summary offences and $200…

31 Jan 2016

What Are Police Vulnerable Sector Checks?

24 Nov 2015

During the application process for employment, volunteer positions or academic positions within certain organizations, applicants might find themselves subject to the Police Reference Check Program as a condition of their…

What Is a SOIRA (Sexual Offender Internet...

24 Sep 2015

If you have been charged with a sexual offence it is important to know the potential consequences of a conviction. A conviction in relation to a sexual offence can have a…

Can a Person with a Criminal Record Act as a...

15 Jul 2015

What is a Surety? A surety is someone who agrees to take responsibility for a person accused of a crime. Being a surety is a serious commitment. A surety is…

Is it A Crime in Canada to Commit Assisted...

18 Mar 2015

In Canada, aiding or abetting a person to commit suicide is a criminal offence pursuant to section 241(b) of the Criminal Code. Section 14 of the Code says that no…

The Guilty Client

4 Mar 2015

When I attend a dinner party, it is inevitable that someone will hear that I am a criminal lawyer and feel compelled to advise me that they’ve always wanted to…

Sexual Assault: Mistaken Belief in Consent

9 Feb 2015

Sexual assault is a criminal offence under s. 271 of the Criminal Code. Sexual assault is defined as any form of sexual contact without the consent of both parties. This…