What Happens When The Police Breach Your Rights?

It is very important for every Canadian to understand, not only his or her rights under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, but also how those rights can be enforced in a court of law. Once the court has determined that your rights under the Charter have been...

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Toronto Youth Court at 311 Jarvis Street to Close

Sixty year ago specified courts were established to address youth criminal matters. The Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) governs the application of criminal and correctional law to those 12 years old or older, but younger than 18 at the time of committing the offence...

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Assault by Parents

  Assault is illegal under the Criminal Code of Canada. Assault, as defined in the Code, includes any form of physical punishment parents, teachers or caregivers traditionally use to correct their child’s behaviour such as spanking, pinching, or washing a child’s...

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What is Jurisdiction?

  The word “jurisdiction” comes from the Latin word ‘juris’ meaning law and ‘dicere’ meaning to speak.  It indicates the authority granted to the courts to deal with and make decisions on legal matters. It also denotes the geographical area the authority applies to....

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Police “Spy” Tactics

  As of 2012, motor vehicle drivers in Ontario face a hefty fine of $155 if caught using a mobile phone while behind the wheel. Several Police divisions across the province have initiated “Ride Safe” programs intended to nab distracted drivers. Among those making...

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Opinion Evidence at Trial

 When an individual testifies as a witness their primary job is to testify about facts that are within their knowledge. Generally speaking, the court is not interested in a witness’s opinion on particular facts. That is because, in general, witnesses are not experts...

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The Doctrine of Common Intention

An individual may be liable for those offences which he she does not commit as a principle offender but in which he or she plays a part in committing. When an individual becomes liable for an offence in this way, he or she is referred to as a “party to the offence.”...

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Formal Admissions

While preparing for a criminal trial, the accused individual and his or her criminal defence lawyer will receive a statement of the prosecution’s case against the accused. Before the trial begins and during the course of the trial, the defendant and his or her defence...

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